I had a professor at BYU who often mentioned that we are kinder when we see the “truth” about people, tying the definition of truth to the way things really are, and the things they really will be. Three historians working with church records have published an official Mormon account of a 151-year-old incident that remains a PR nightmare for Mormons. Some of the federal officials believed that the Saints’ actions and attitudes meant that they were in rebellion against the United States government. The heightened anxiety brought on by rumors swirling about the train, the advancing federal troops, the drought that many had suffered through for the year, and the memories of violence in Missouri and Illinois all combined in an explosive atmosphere, yet the residents were unclear on what action they should tak… ( Log Out /  Some day a good movie about the massacre is going to be made. So you see, one atrocity leads to another, and to another, and to another, and it never ends until enough people say “enough” and the past is the past; just stop keeping score. The Utah Jazz guard purchased t-shirts for both the Jazz players and the Brooklyn Nets players who were in town. At this point, what choices did those responsible for the attacks have? Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Yes, It has been documented that a lot of the money(gold), wagons, oxen , horses and cattle ended up in his nest. I was also at the Utah Jazz game Saturday night, a few days after the racial epithets hurled by fans against Oklahoma City’s Russell Westbrook. They give a whole slew of motives and reasons for why this happened. When people try to pin it on the Parley Pratt murder, I want to remind them that the wagon train had left long before Parley arrived in Arkansas. Invite a student to read Helaman 5:12 aloud. Enough digital electrons burned to power a small star. Instead of yielding to this counsel, Isaac Haight and other Cedar City leaders decided to persuade some local Indians to attack the wagon train and steal their cattle as a way of punishing the emigrants. Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Although it runs deeper than that (which I’ll get to), part of his thinking appears to be that “if they do this to us, then I’ll do the same thing to them”, ignoring the fact that the victims of his crime had nothing to do with the crimes he obsessed over. President Young, who for years had asked the Saints to save grain, renewed his instructions so they would have food to eat if they needed to flee from the troops. To illustrate this principle, display the following and invite a student to read it aloud: “James Sanders is the great-grandson of … one of the children who survived the massacre [and is also a member of the Church]. Reach out to me if you'd like to learn more about a Mormon history topic! I’m a little confused how, 150 years later, descendants “…still feel pain; I still feel anger and sadness that the massacre happened.” I mean, it was an horrible tragedy (regardless of how and why), but a great-grandson of one of the child survivors feels pain, anger and sadness 150 years after the event? 1550-3194 (print), 2156-8049 (online) This article recounts the background and conse-quences of the Utah War of 1857–58 and comments on the power struggle that existed between Governor I regret that I do not know for sure what I would have done. He coveted what they had. A good start is the wiki article https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mountain_Meadows_Massacre. Quite a lot of the perpetrators eventually come out and say why this happened as well as local people. This war footing led to the Mountain Meadows Massacre, the lowest point in Mormon history. Doug McCormick. Scopri Massacre at Mountain Meadows: An American Tragedy di Walker, Ronald W., Turley, Richard E., Leonard, Glen M.: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. You can’t find a single Mormon that ever said that. This war footing led to the Mountain Meadows Massacre, the lowest point in Mormon history. The Bear River Massacre. Shortly before Isaac Haight sent his letter with the messenger, John D. Lee and a group of Indians attacked the emigrant camp at a place called the Mountain Meadows. Invite a few students to take turns reading aloud the handout section titled “Attack on the Emigrants,” and invite students to look for how Cedar City leaders continued to make sinful choices after ignoring the counsel they had received. So Brigham Young and church leaders interpret this as a threat and they vowed that the army, the troops will never enter into their settlements. The other man escaped and brought news to the wagon camp that white men were involved in the attacks against them. (2) I’m no legal expert, so I’ll take your word for it. On September 11, 1857, a band of Mormon militia, under a flag of truce, lured unarmed members of an emigrant company from their fortified encampment and, with some Paiute Indians, killed them. The church leaders didn’t know that. Do you confess what you have done wrong and receive the consequences, or do you try to hide the sin through deception? The wagon company left town only about an hour after arriving, but some of the settlers and leaders in Cedar City wanted to pursue and punish the men who had offended them. The Utah War and Its Mountain Meadows Massacre: Lessons Learned, Surprises Encountered William P. MacKinnon FARMS Review 20/2 (2008): 237–51. Some members of the wagon train threatened to join the incoming government troops against the Saints. Travelers in southern Utah will find two memorials just west of Utah State Route 18, between the towns of Enterprise and Veyo. “) I’m no historian, but I think there would be a number of Native Americans who would disagree that Mountain Meadows was ” the greatest atrocity in American history up to that point in 1857″ even if it were reduced to the “greatest war atrocity”. American Massacre: The Tragedy At Mountain Meadows, September 1857, by Sally Denton (2003) Here are my reasons. But when I looked at it, I don’t think that was the motive. Invite a student to read the statement by President Henry B. Eyring of the First Presidency found in the handout section titled “150th Anniversary of the Mountain Meadows Massacre.”. Confrontations occurred between some members of the wagon train and some of the Latter-day Saints. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. By some reports, the monument was destroyed in 1861, when Young brought an entourage to Mountain Meadows. September Dawn had the potential of blowing the lid off this event and making it a household word for the American public the year Mitt Romney first ran for POTUS and lost to Jon McCain. The comparison with current massacres seems to me to be shallow because the Mountain Meadows massacre happened in that grey space between war and crime, at a time and place where who was governing was not clear. Saying he had not, Haight agreed to send a messenger, James Haslam, to Salt Lake City with a letter explaining the situation and asking what should be done. Yep. He did preside over the development of the fanatical toxic atmosphere that made the massacre possible and he did lie about it extensively, becoming an accomplice after the fact. The Christchurch shooter believed that immigration threatened the purity of his race and the control of his own group. JR, (1) your point about Indian atrocities being ignored is well taken. Utah History. Barbara Jones Brown tells about these events that led to the greatest atrocity in American history up to that point in … The Mountain Meadows massacre was a mass slaughter of the Fancher-Baker emigrant wagon train at Mountain Meadows, Utah Territory, by the local Mormon militia on 11 September 1857. Two days after the massacre, James Haslam arrived in Cedar City with President Young’s message of reply, instructing the local leaders to allow the wagon train to go in peace. Federal troops came to Utah in 1857 creating great anxiety among the Mormons. I have been very impressed with the way Jacinda Ardern, the PM of NZ is using the shooting there to unite the country. In sermons to the Saints, President Young and other Church leaders described the coming troops as enemies. On July 24, 1857, President Brigham Young was with a group of Saints celebrating the 10th anniversary of their arrival in the Salt Lake Valley when he received confirmation of earlier news that an army was coming to Salt Lake City. Barbara Jones Brown tells about these events that led to the greatest atrocity in American history up to that point in 1857. Many books/articles/blogs discussed. They shut down my old buddies, our defensive fanatics and they stake out common ground for thoughtful discussion to begin. What principles can we learn from this tragedy? It is a great act of civilisation to draw the line and decide that hatred ends with ourselves. The Mountain Meadows massacre was a series of attacks on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train at Mountain Meadows in southern Utah. Spain took that approach with its Amnesty Law two years after Franco’s death. In 1859, federal officials took custody of these children and returned them to relatives in Arkansas. “Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,” Gospel Topics, lds.org/topics. One (Orme)offered him his gun, horse etc when he left town and the other one (steward) who was a childhood friend from New York Went and retrieved his body and gave him a Christian burial in a hand carved coffin he made. The monument was found destroyed and the structure was replaced by the U.S. Army in 1864. We plan to continue all our operations, while reducing risk of infection by having staff work from home. Mountain Meadows will forever be remembered as a place where something dark and evil happened. What do you think it means to “agree with thine adversary quickly”? ”. So the new president concludes that he needs to send a whole new set of territorial appointees to Utah, including one to replace Brigham Young as governor and that he’s going to send federal troops with them to ensure that they are placed successfully and with no resistance from local Utahns. What do you do that helps you build your faith on the foundation of Jesus Christ? .Walker-Turley-Leonard are impossible for orthodox Mormons to ignore because of their role as semi-official advocates for the church. In 1857, when the Mountain Meadows massacre occurred, Utah and the United States were on the brink of war.Utah had only been an American territory for seven years. The conspirators feared this news would bring negative consequences upon themselves and their people. © 2015 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. How can our faith in Jesus Christ strengthen us when we learn of instances when Church members have failed to live according to the Savior’s teachings? So there’s these kinds of stories, these kind of rumors, some based in fact, some exaggerated that reach Washington. Paiute Indians also suffered from being unjustly blamed for the crime. Mountain Meadows Massacre: A Story of Allred Descendants Who Survived by Linda Allred Cooper Allred Lineage for Emberson and William Tackitt: Armilda Miller, Sarah Allred, John Allred, Solomon Allred, Solomon Allred About 35 miles southwest of Cedar City, Utah, is … The Utah War and the Mountain Meadows Massacre Growing Tension Led to the Utah War Three years after the first Latter-day Saint pioneers reached the Salt Lake Valley, the United States government organized the Utah Territory and appointed Brigham Young as the first governor over the territory. This atrocity is now known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Most of them were eventually arrested, though only Lee was tried, convicted, and executed for the crime. (Students may identify various principles, including the following: Choosing to hide our sins can lead us to commit further sins. Isaac Haight presented the plan to attack the wagon train to a council of local leaders in the Church, community, and militia. Mike, for being a worn-out topic, you left an awfully long comment! We are complicit to this extent. JR is right about the Indians. Isaac Haight asked John D. Lee, a local Church member and militia major, to lead this attack, and the two planned to blame Indians for the deed. Check out those other links and notes below while you’re at it, and have a great day! Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Display a map similar to the one shown here, or draw one on the board. I thought this topic was pretty much worn out. An emigrant wagon train traveling west from Arkansas to California entered Utah just as Latter-day Saints were preparing to defend the territory against the coming United States troops. I have Morman friends that I love and do not blame them. Explain that the Church members involved in the attacks against the emigrants chose to try to hide their sins. ), Invite a student to read aloud the handout section titled “Preparing to Defend the Territory.”. ( Log Out /  Some council members strongly disagreed with the plan and asked Haight if he had consulted with President Brigham Young about the matter. Lee led the attack but concealed his identity so that it would appear that only the Indians were involved. Some Latter-day Saints took in and cared for the emigrant children who survived the massacre. Most members are on the extreme end of this. Novak, Shannon A. But the short answer is that the death of the many may have been to cover the death of one (which is a despicable justification, but may be the best explanation of why they were all killed.). Those who planned the attacks were now caught in their deception. The Mountain Meadows Massacre not only resulted in the deaths of about 120 victims, but it also caused great suffering to the surviving children and other relatives of the victims. By Ronald W. Walker, Richard E. Turley Jr., and Glen M. Leonard. MacKinnon: The Utah War and Its Mountain Meadows 133 latter campaign the Civil War was repackaged by former Confederates as the “War Between the States,” a conflict fought not to preserve chattel slavery, but rather for a higher motive—to protect a noble, agrarian way of life from the onslaught of the grasping, materialistic industrialists of the North. Some Indians recruited by the settlers rushed from hiding places to join the attack. Learn how your comment data is processed. I hope you’ll give us a brief report on the whole slew of reasons and motives proposed by participants. Isaac Haight, the Cedar City mayor, militia major, and stake president, requested permission from the militia commander, who lived in the nearby settlement of Parowan, to call out the militia to confront the offenders from the wagon train. It's called Massacre at Mountain Meadows. (If you ignore that it is a coded response and we don’t know what it is responding to- because that letter was destroyed- “to save the reputation of the church.”) Don’t forget, the Paiutes played little if any role. The one point that Turley and the defenders are unwilling to concede is whether Brigham Young was largely responsible. You fight racism with solidarity.” It was truly a classy gesture by the 2nd year player, and a wonderful lesson to all of us. In acts of aggression but never in battle they ’ re at it, and a. 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