After completion of their refit, the ships could carry 40–80 anti-ship cruise missiles of different types. The 3M22 Zircon hypersonic cruise missile is launched from Russian Navy battlecruisers and frigates. The Air Force sees B-1B bombers as potential launch platforms for hypersonic weapons in the coming years and the test paves the way for their deployment. The hypersonic regime can also be alternatively defined as speeds where specific heat capacity changes with the temperature of t , This article is about the Russian hypersonic missile. On 18 November 2011, the first advanced hypersonic weapon (AHW) glide vehicle was successfully tested by the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command as part of the Prompt Global Strike program. Zircon is designed to attack ships at sea and targets on land at speeds of up to Mach 9, giving enemy missile defenses little time to prepare.  Other platforms are likely to include Russian Navy's Admiral Grigorovich class and Admiral Gorshkov class frigates, as well as Gremyashchiy class, Buyan class and Karakurt class corvettes, mainly due to the installation of the compatible 3S14 vertical launchers. They have the mach 27 Avangard, mach 10-12 Kh-47M2 Kinzhal and the mach 6-9 Zircon. , On 7 October 2020, the Russian Chief of General Staff, Valery Gerasimov, stated a Zircon was launched from Admiral Gorshkov in the White Sea and successfully hit a sea target in the Barents Sea 450 km (280 mi) away, reportedly reaching a speed of "more than Mach 8" and altitude of 28 km (17 mi). You can also be killed by being flung high into the air, taking fall damage upon landing. Hypersonic aircraft were an early product of the first Russo-American Cold War with human operated experimental aircraft or "X-Planes" being developed in the U.S. Hypersonic weapons are one of the most prolific emerging threats, and Raytheon Missiles & Defense is a leader in advanced hypersonic weapons development.  Zircon was again test-fired on 3 June 2017, almost a year earlier than had been announced by Russian officials.  According to Russian media (2017), the longest possible range is 540 nmi (620 mi; 1,000 km) and for this purpose a new fuel was created. The company is working on two kinds of hypersonic missiles. The hypersonic cruise missile, running at five times more speed than the speed of sound, is presently the fastest missile in the world. , On 20 February 2019, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated the missile is capable of accelerating up to Mach 9 and destroying both sea and land targets within 1,000 km (540 nmi; 620 mi). For other uses, see, Type of Anti-ship hypersonic cruise missile, The first launch of the Zircon hypersonic missile from the Admiral Gorshkov frigate, The second launch of the Zircon hypersonic missile from the frigate Admiral Gorshkov, "В России рассказали о работе над гиперзвуковой ракетой "Циркон, "Putin Reveals Zircon Mach 9 Missile Specification", "Программа создания гиперзвуковых ракет достигла стадии летных испытаний", Putin’s new nuclear weapons ‘have no equals’, Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation: tests of the Zircon hypersonic missile have been successfully completed, https://www.gazeta.ru/army/2020/07/26/13166185.shtml, "Russia Says This Is Our First Glimpse Of Its Zircon Hypersonic Cruise Missile", "Russia's hypersonic Zircon anti-ship missile reaches eight times speed of sound", "Работы по МБР "Сармат", гиперзвуковому "Циркону", аппарату "Посейдон" идут по плану - Путин", "Analysis: 3K22 and 3M22 Zircon, the Next Generation Hypersonic Missile of the Russian Navy", "Russia develops hypersonic 4,600 mph Zircon missile", "Эксперт рассказал о суперспособности ракеты "Циркон" преодолеть системы ПРО", "Гиперзвуковая ракета "Циркон" впервые появится на одном из фрегатов", "Гиперзвуковая ракета "Циркон" ослабит позиции США", "New Russian missile 'makes Western defences obselete, "Бондарев: ВС РФ имеют гиперзвуковые ракеты "Циркон" и ракеты донного базирования "Скиф, "Russia again successfully tests ship-based hypersonic missile — which will likely be ready for combat by 2022", "Russian Navy's Top Officer Says Shadowy Zircon Hypersonic Missile Has "Childhood Diseases, "Russia test-launches Tsirkon hypersonic missile from ship for first time", "Russia test-launches Tsirkon hypersonic missile", "Russian Navy frigate test-fires Tsirkon hypersonic missile from White Sea", "Российские ракеты "Циркон" делают американский "Джеральд Форд" "авианедоносцем".
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