Of particular delight to us was the opportunity to interact with local historians, reenactors and descendants who truly appreciate the history that unites us all. The Mormon Battalion, made up of volunteers from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was mustered in at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory, in 1846 at the start of the Mexican-American War. I had relatives in this battalion and am proud of the service these brave souls rendered to a country that at times seemed bent on exterminating Mormons from its borders. largest Missouri community on the battalion route was Saint Joseph and to It was difficult for many of the men to leave their wives on the plains of Iowa, without homes, and with the task of crossing the country to Utah. Following various small rivers they passed the famous San Louis Rey Mission, The unit — about 550 men — mustered in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in July 1846. (It is interesting Visitors will find it have in 1846 is a back country road from Weston to Beverly. The Mormon Battalion, officially called the 1st Iowa Volunteers, was an infantry unit almost exclusively made up of Mormon men and a few women who undertook the longest infantry march in U.S. military history and explored vast regions of New Mexico, Arizona, and California. From Ingalls into New Mexico the old trail cannot be followed closely by Oregon Trail west of Eudora, Kansas, and intersected the Santa Fe trail near the Pedro River near Naco. opposite Fort Leavenworth, which had been built in 1827 to help regulate Today, the closer to the miles from Council Bluffs. A marker on the courthouse square mentions the Mormons’ passage. After recuperating there for a week, we will head out for Santa Fe, thence to Arizona locations and arrive in San Diego about Jan 26, 2008 for commemorative events. Co A", The Battalion Trek, initially scheduled for 2007, will start July 2008. Joseph became the beginning of the Pony Express Trail. Remember, between 1820 and 1854, Tucson was located in Sonora, Mexico. The men soon crossed the Nishnabotna River and entered Missouri from which The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. The site features an interactive video tour, historical artifacts, and demonstrations on gold panning and brickmaking. Cimarron River. Larned, Kansas. I n July 1846, under the authority of U.S. Army Captain James Allen and with the encouragement of Mormon leader Brigham Young, the Mormon Battalion was mustered in at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. After this, the battalion rested at Warner’s Ranch. detachment of fifty-eight men was sent back to Fort Pueblo, leaving 339 The story of the Mormon Battalion began in early 1846 as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints prepared to abandon their city of Nauvoo, Illinois. difficult to visit Cook’s Canyon today, even by ranch roads. trail-hardened men. I am VERY happy to announce that we did, in fact, successfully complete the first end-to-end rehike following the 1846 Mormon Battalion Trail. Fria, a second sick detachment of eighty-six men and twenty women and children This small book describes the precious experiences of more than thirty women who traveled with the Mormon Battalion. See more ideas about mormon battalion, mormon, battalion. While the battalion didn’t see much fighting action, it did blaze what would become an important overland trail connecting the Midwest with the Pacific Ocean. their destination at Mission San Diego where they arrived January 29, 1847. Six miles underway, at Aqua What was the Mormon Battalion, and why was it important to Arizona? On 1 August the battalion crossed the Missouri by ferry directly automobile. And, we found unrecognized Battalion history. 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately Kansas Part 2 Santa Fe. over 550 people hiked with us at one time or another. Our sincere hope is that some of them will remember it fondly and want to join a group in their area. much information about this old trail; near Dodge City some wagon ruts are clothes), and being transported west at government expense. You have your mass movements of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints mixed up. Highway S2 generally parallels the trail. At the famous Great Bend on the Arkansas The previous post used government documents to explore the reasons behind the actions of President Polk and the Army in the creation of the Mormon Battalion. Mormon leaders agreed: in addition to demonstrating their basic loyalty, The Mormon Battalion arrived in San Diego on 29 January 1847 after a march of some 1,900 miles from Iowa. It is true that there was a great migration of Mormons from the East and Midwest to Utah, where they founded Salt Lake City. difficulties from Missourians. A marker on a road southwest of Charleston describes this event. Or, just stop by our camp in the evening for a chat. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious military unit in United States history. The majority of these people had their first “living history” experience with us. Lyons, the men first sighted buffalo. The Mormon Battalion left a few days after enlistment. and several families, were sent back along the Arkansas to Fort Pueblo to spend It had church members as officers but was commanded by the Army. Starting in central Iowa on July 5, 2008 we worked our way west along sections of the Santa Fe Trail, el Camino Terrenate, Cooke’s Wagon Road, the Butterfield Stage Route, Juan deAnza Trail, and finished at San Diego on January 29, 2009. The march opened up a southern waggon route in which led to California. Concise History of the Mormon Battalion, by Sergeant Daniel Tyler.Before entering upon the History of the Mormon Battalion, it seems necessary to offer some explanation of the previous condition of the Latter-day Saints; otherwise the reader unacquainted with those facts would scarcely be able to appreciate the situation of the people at the time of the enlistment of the Battalion. Later Saint We will start at Mt. Their first stop was Fort Leavenworth, Kansas to be outfitted with some military equipment. New Mexico Part 2 All in all, it was a grueling expedition, but the only major confrontation came in November 1846 when they were attacked by a herd of wild bulls near the San Pedro River (pictured). the Missouri for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Kevin Henson, aka - Ebenezer Brown, 2nd Sgt. © 2021 www.azcentral.com. The new schedule will be posted at www.battaliontrek.com later this summer. After leaving Santa Fe, New Mexico, the Mormon Battalion followed the Rio Grande and then worked through Guadalupe Pass. canyons are still visible. “The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47,” Ensign, July 1979, 57 By Stanley B. Kimball What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Most were wives who, refusing to be left behind, enlisted along with their husbands as soldiers in the Mexican War. large statue of a battalion member can be seen. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious "unit" in American military history, serving from July 1846 to July 1847 during the Mexican War. It was a division of General Stephen Kearny’s U.S. Army of the West. the battalion reached Santa Fe the evening of October 9 and camped in a wheat County. River, they picked up the river trail and followed it to Ingalls in Gray Along this interstate, travelers can see Wagon Mound, another I, Sir, am proud to announce that we have, in fact, found some individuals crazy enough to remarch the entire route of the Mormon Battalion. It is believed to be the only religious-based military unit in U.S. history. Interest in hiking along with us for a day or more has created more logistical issues to address. The soldiers crossed Arizona mostly by following rivers, including the Gila River. Ruts and markers, however, can be seen near Keyes and Boise City, We provided public forums regarding Battalion history and appreciated local groups sharing their history with us as well. The Mormon battalion was created on July 16, 1846. Some decided to winter at Sutter’s still visible. from General Stephen W. Kearney’s military headquarters on the sea. directions.) The Mormons had liked Allen and held a field back of the cathedral. flooding, roads were never built on the flood plain.) About a week later, we'll be in Kanesville and then head for Leavenworth. Missouri that all of the roads the Mormons used along the Illinois, Mississippi, and It was a division of General Stephen Kearny’s U.S. Army of the West. what is today’s Painted Rock State Park. The advance companies of Fe. There is also a trail marker out of Deming on Highway 180. Old California Trail east of San Francisco. These bluff roads still exist, but one can The bulls gored a few mules, damaged some wagons and wounded two men before soldiers shot several of them. Their importance to our state's history is that they were the first to blaze a southern wagon trail across the territory. They followed this trail all the way to Santa The They crossed the impress the Missourians, they marched double file with music, astonishing many The most significant service the battalion provided in California and during the war, was as a reliable unit under Cooke that General Kearny could rely on to block Fremont's mutinous bid to control California. Their first camp in Missouri was near Linden, a They camped to rest and recuperate at Warner’s Ranch warm springs from their long ordeal crossing the Southwest. The battalion was the direct result of Brigham Young's correspondence on 26 January 1846 to Jesse C. Little, presiding elder over the New England and Middle States Mission. Thereafter they northwest, a famous landmark on the trail. duty in San Diego, San Louis Rey, and Los Angeles, until being discharged 16 directions.). venture, two died enroute. Our theme is a repeating upward spiral of heritage, service, and legacy . Reach Thompson at clay.thompson@arizonarepublic.com or 602-444-8612. Places where the Mormons had to cut through the Mormons would benefit from the military pay, the arms which the men could keep, The volunteer battalion served in 1846 and 1847 during the Mexican-American War. get a good view of the area on Interstate 29 as far as Mound City, Missouri. From there they marched 2,000 miles to San Diego, California. Brigham Young encouraged the soldiers to keep their religious covenants and to treat Mexicans and others they encountered with civility. community of which little exists today save a graveyard. Once army officers were able to fill four companies of 100 men each, Captain James Allen announced the mustering of the Mormon Battalion, United States Army of the West. The Mormon Battalion was a group of about 500 Latter-day Saints who joined the United States Army in 1846, during the Mexican-American War, to help provide financial support for their families and other Mormon pioneers. Mormon Battalion Routes 1866-1847 After encampment on the Gila River on 21 December 1846, the battalion crossed the Colorado River into California on 9 and 10 January 1847. Some reenlisted for six months, but most made preparation for Near Springer, Interstate 25 follows the old trail closely all the way to line of Spanish communities strung along the river. Due to unclear orders, recruitment with pay occurred several months, if not a full year, earlier than Polk had planned. the allotment for uniforms (since the Mormons were allowed to wear their own Finally, we will hike up to LA to Ft. Moore where the Battalion was dismissed from service. The Mormon Battalion, officially called the 1st Iowa Volunteers, was an infantry unit almost exclusively made up of Mormon men and a few women who undertook the longest infantry march in U.S. military history and explored vast regions of New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Imperial Desert in Mexico between the Colorado River and today’s Mexicali. (Ask locally for These three sick detachments met the Mississippi Saints at Fort Between Council Grove and today’s Durham, trail ruts are still visible. Missouri rivers followed the bluff line closely, for in those days of frequent In 1846, the battalion marched or rode 1800 miles from Iowa to San Diego, CA where they intended to keep the Mexican Army out of California. At this crossing the first of three sick detachments, ten men Those who had The Mormon Battalion March, 1846-47 By Stanley B. Kimball (July 1979 Ensign) (Route maps located at bottom) What has been called the longest infantry march in history—approximately 1,850 miles—began 20 July 1846 on the Little Pony River in Council Bluffs, Iowa. Iowa directions.) The Mormon Battalion volunteers were issued their accouterments and weapons at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas under the direction of Lt. Col. James Allen, Battalion Commander. Kevin Henson The so-called Mormon Battalion was a regiment of soldiers entirely composed of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (often called Mormons). After the long, harrowing march many of the members of that battalion became close to Brigham Young and leaders in the church. through the Coronado National Forest. Oklahoma, and Grenville, New Mexico. Along this leg of the trail the second Latter-day Saint Shortly afterwards, near Hatch, the battalion left the Rio Grande and Next they passed through Mound City and Oregon, named after the famous Persecution and mob violence had made it impossible for them to stay. All rights reserved. Reviewer Clark V. Johnson. gone on arrived in Salt Lake Valley 16 October 1847. The reduced battalion, then consisting of 397 From the San Pedro River the battalion passed through Tucson and headed for They had by then marched nearly eight hundred narrower then their wagons. On July 20 the battalion commenced a 180-mile march down the left bank of pioneers at Fort Laramie. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). They remained on guard, but suffered no Its men cleared a wagon road from Santa Fe to San Diego and helped secure California as United States territory. July 1847. Details will also be included. Jul 31, 2014 - Explore Liz Van Roo's board "Mormon Battalion" on Pinterest. A blog was maintained most days and much of our experience is posted on our website at: http://battaliontrek.com/blog/index.php. We invite interested individuals, groups or families to hike along with us for a portion of the trail ( or in extreme cases, the entire route). The carved names of Lewis and John Dent who accompanied the 1846 Battalion were serendipitously found at Signature Rock in Oklahoma. War—one with wild bulls. Our findings will be used to produce a new “Mormon Battalion Trail Guide” with documentation of our findings. (Ask locally for The first, Samuel Boly, expired only twenty-eight one of the twenty-one Spanish Missions founded in California. Near Over the seven months we were on the trail, only two of us hiked the entire distance, some 2,400 miles. Fort and were present when gold was discovered in January 1848. The only part of this section of the march which still appears as it would The most scenic is Iowa. kevin@battaliontrek.com. West of Larned on Highway 156 is the Santa Fe Center which has During the Mexican War of 1846 James K. Polk, president of the United It marched to San Diego, where it helped secure portions of the Southwest for the U.S. (Ask locally for To only retrospectively honor the heritage of the original Mormon Battalion is but a hollow sham if we learn nothing from their humble sacrifice. laminiaduo7 and 2 others learned from this answer. This is a remote area close to where Mexico and the states of Arizona and New Mexico come together. To all the “serious” reenactors out there, thanks for the inspiration. Colorado River near Yuma and entered present-day California. bluffs, the closer to the old roads. the Gila River along which, north of Theba, they saw more Indian petroglyphs at Kansas Part 1 western migration, Indian affairs, and the fur trade. Many “got into the spirit” by making a reasonable stab at dressing “period appropriate” even if it wasn’t always authentic. Pisgah next July and honor first contact by James Allen with the Mormons. This is how the Mormon Battalion began. Various locations commemorate the battalion’s service and accomplishments, including the Mormon Battalion monument located on the grounds of the Utah State Capitol and the Mormon Battalion Historic Site in Old Town San Diego.,, capitals in the United States, is well worth a visit. Correct answer to the question Why was the mormon battalion formed - e-eduanswers.com Mormon Battalion (Bitter Springs (Aqua de Thomoso), April 1848) The Mormon Battalion left Council Bluffs, Iowa to fight in the Mexican War. The construction of … them circumstantial evidence of the Book of Mormon. the battalion to Brigham Young, died. Just inside Arizona the old trail dipped into Mexico and picked up the San who had not believed the Mormons would answer their country’s call. Here a The battalion's service/march helped the cession of a lot of the American Southwest from Mexico to the U.S., particularly the Gadsen Purchase of Arizona and New Mexico in 1853. Several days later they crossed the Interstate 25 follows the It is believed to … New Mexico Part 1 This event is being co-sponsored by the US Mormon Battalion. Soon after reaching the Arkansas they sighted Pawnee Rock to the were killed. We conducted route research along the way – our primary goal. Ruts of the old Butterfield Stage road are visible through this One man was gored in the leg and sixty to eighty bulls Regards - were sent back to Fort Pueblo. The Mormon Battalion was a completely different matter. Women of the Mormon Battalion. 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