The State shall therefore regulate the ownership, possession, sale, transfer, importation and/or use of chain saws to prevent them from being used in illegal logging or unauthorized clearing of forests. Executive Order No.26 Declaring an Interdepartmental Convergence Initiative for a National Greening Program Illegal logging is the harvesting of timber in contravention of the laws and regulations of the country of harvest. - As used in this Act, the term: In May 2003, an Indonesian Government investigation confirmed that Korindo was receiving illegal timber from notorious timber barons known to obtain timber from an orang-utan refuge – the Tanjung Puting National Park. [53], The requirements under the new Amendments are two-fold. Grappling with climate change requires transforming how we power our economy, and no sector requires more fundamental change than transportation, which accounts for the largest share of US global warming pollution. This could include harvesting timber from protected areas, felling protected species, or exceeding logging quotas. On December 28, 2019, Chinese legislators revised the country’s Forest Law to ban “purchase, process or transport” of illegal logs. Illegal logging exists because of increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products, including packaging. In environmental terms illegal logging is associated with deforestation, climate change and a loss of biodiversity. How the US Lacey Act Helps Reduce Illegal Logging in the Tropics. Record breaking logging of last rainforests, "Indonesia's Sinar Mas Accused of Illegal Land Clearing", "Rates and Causes of Deforestation in Indonesia: Towards a Resolution of the Ambiguities", "Tackling Political Corruption to Combat Illegal Logging", "Thailand's green cover in slow decline as 40% goal remains out of reach", "Timber - Species we work with at TRAFFIC", UK BANS BIG BUSINESSES FROM SELLING PRODUCTS LINKED TO ILLEGAL DEFORESTATION, "The Stolen Forests: Inside the covert war on illegal logging", "U.S. Department of Agriculture Lacey Act Guidance", "Department of Agriculture Illegal Logging", "Australia: Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation position paper welcomed by the timber industry", UAV Drones Becoming Valuable Tools in Fighting Illegal Deforestation in Global Conservation Projects, Satellite Technology Aims to Combat Illegal Logging in Real Time, "Timber trafficking: Illegal Logging in Indonesia, South East Asia and International Consumption of Illegally Sourced Timber", Illegal Logging and Related Timber Trade - Dimensions, Drivers, Impacts and Responses, International Union of Forest Research Organizations, FAO-EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Programme, European Commission page on illegal logging, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Illegal_logging&oldid=1000988444, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [25] As a result, numerous illegal logging operations have sprung up near the Thai-Burmese border and in the province of Kachin along the Chinese border. An estimated 9.8 … The release of the Government's guidance coincides with the release of industry developed timber due diligence tools and information through the industry website of Timber Due Diligence. Governments tend to underestimate the situation, given that high estimates of illegal logging may cause embarrassment as these suggest ineffective enforcement of legislation or, even worse, bribery and corruption. By continuing, you accept our use of cookies. Urge the Senate to require employers follow science-based protections for workers and their communities. [29], Governmental officials in charge of protected areas have contributed to deforestation by allowing illegal logging and illegal timber trading. A joint UK-Indonesian study of the timber industry in Indonesia in 1998 suggested that about 40% of throughput was illegal, with a value in excess of $365 million. EC/99/03, WWF International (2002) The Timber Footprint of the G8 and China, The Peruvian Environmental Law Society (2003), Learn how and when to remove this template message, transmigration projects undertaken by the Indonesian government, Forest Law Enforcement and Governance Program, Federal Forestry Agency of the Russian Federation, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, "Dawn timber-laundering raids cast doubt on 'sustainable' Brazilian wood", Wood laundering brings illegal Amazon timber to Europe — report, "Protecting the Environment with Intelligence – EIA International", "Tree sleuths are using DNA tests and machine vision to crack timber crimes", "People Fixing the World: Is your wood from a legal source? [21] This contributing social factor to deforestation reinforces the challenges faced by forestry sustainability in developing countries such as Indonesia. This unfair competition affects those European companies, especially the small and medium-sized companies that are behaving responsibly and ready to play by fair rules. [28] Illegal commercial timber interests take advantage of weak law enforcement to benefit from illegal cutting. There are many cases in which the military carries out illegal logging without knowledge from the government. To facilitate the traceability of timber products, economic operators in this part of the supply chain (referred to as traders in the regulation) have an obligation to keep records of their suppliers and customers. Take action to prioritize science-based election reforms. Help ensure that businesses know where their wood is coming from. Furthermore, the illegal trade of forest resources undermines international security, and is frequently associated with corruption, money laundering, organized crime, human rights abuses and, in some cases, violent conflict. China is the world’s largest importer of legal and illegal timber, and if the change is enforced it could boost efforts to fight the illegal logging trade. Illegal logging and timber trade is the world’s most lucrative form of transnational crime after counterfeiting, drug smuggling and human trafficking. King Bhumibol Adulyadej has blamed the destruction of Thailand's forested areas on the greed of some state officials. On the other hand, environmental NGOs publish alarming figures to raise awareness and to emphasise the need for stricter conservation measures. The conference took place as the United Kingdom prepared to pass the G8 Presidency to Russia. ITFMP Report No. Incredibly, since 2015, the forest area in the Philippines has been rising, mainly thanks to government initiatives and increased law enforcement 1. Generating up to USD 157 billion each year, it attracts organised criminal groups and fosters widespread corruption. Worth an estimated $51–$152 billion annually, the illegal timber industry simultaneously threatens the world’s forests and steals from local communities that rely on forests for food, health, and wealth. [57], Harvest, transportation, purchase, or sale of timber in violation of laws, For further details on illegal logging, see: Duncan Brack and Gavin Hayman (2001) Intergovernmental Actions on Illegal Logging. In May 2003, the European Commission presented the EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Action Plan (EU FLEGT). The event was co-hosted by the World Bank and the Government of Indonesia. A subcategory of environmental law, Forestry Law relates to all statutes and regulations that deal with the preservation of forests and parks, reforestation activities to ensure the sustainability of the nation's lands, and the prevention of illegal logging activities. The Saint Petersburg conference brought together nearly 300 participants representing 43 governments, the private sector, civil society and international organisations. They’re the most dangerous invention the world has ever seen. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. [19] Many of these corporations could circumvent this red tape, maximise revenue profits by employing illegal logging activities as lax law enforcement and porous law regulations in large developing countries like Indonesia undermine forestry conservation efforts.[20]. WHEREAS, Martial Law has been declared throughout the Philippines pursuant to Proclamation No. The majority of illegal deforestation is done by the military and powerful sub-contractors. US electricity infrastructure is aging, inadequate, and vulnerable. 2002). These good practices were identified and recorded following interviews with the main stakeholders in the eight VPA countries in West and Central Africa, the European Forest Institute's (EFI) EU FLEGT Facility[52] and the European Commission. It has a devastating impact on some of the world's most valuable remaining forests, and on the people who live in them and rely on the resources that forests provide. On the political front, the Indonesian governmental role in curbing deforestation has largely been criticised. Illegal logging occurs in the Philippines and intensifies flood damage in some areas. The EU, as a major timber importer, has implemented the European Union Timber Regulation as means to halt the import of illegally sourced wood products. This agricultural practice is repetitively employed on the same plot of land until it is denuded of its nutrients and could no longer suffice to support agricultural yields. There is a high demand for timber from Burma's neighbours–notably Thailand and China–who have depleted their forests much more than Burma (plunder). It is recognised as a world biosphere reserve by the United Nations and forms the largest protected area of swamp forest in South-East Asia. It agreed to the Saint Petersburg Declaration on Forest Law Enforcement and Governance in Europe and North Asia. Illegal logging is the harvesting of wood that is in violation of national regulations. Under Australian law, illegal logging means ‘the harvesting of timber in contravention of the laws of the country where the timber is harvested’. These agro-industrial companies often do not comply with the basic legal regulations by inappropriately employing cost effective yet environmentally inefficient deforestation methods such as forest fires to clear the land for agricultural purposes. Illegal logging is the harvesting of wood in violation of national laws. Illegal logging is the harvesting, processing, transporting, buying or selling of timber in contravention of national and international laws. The Conference brought together nearly 150 participants from 20 countries, representing government, international organizations, NGOs, and the private sector. It is difficult for central government officials to visit areas still controlled by former Pol Pot forces. We need to grow a resilient food system from the ground up. Illegal logging and related trade occurs when timber is harvested, transported, processed, bought or sold in violation of national or sub-national laws. The Act commenced on 28 November 2012 and establishes Australia’s illegal logging framework. Almost a century after the Dust Bowl, the unsolved problem of soil erosion clouds the future of US agriculture. It involves cutting trees without permits or removing trees from protected areas, and other activities such as avoiding taxes and laundering illegal logs. Provide economic development opportunities. China is the world’s largest importer of legal and illegal timber, and if the change is enforced it could boost efforts to fight the illegal logging trade. Therefore, a legal basis for normative acts against timber imports or othe… They must instead be arranged in bilateral agreements. 1. It has been called a "world's first" by Zac Goldsmith, minister of state for pacific and the environment.[49]. In Liberia, the programme helped forest communities to negotiate fair contracts with logging companies to stop illegal deforestation, and a new land rights act was signed into law … Here's how. In economic terms illegal logging results in lost revenues and other foregone benefits. The Lacey Act also makes it unlawful, beginning December 15, 2008, to import certain plants and plant products without a Plant and Plant Product import declaration. A senate committee in the Philippines estimated that the country lost as much as US$1.8bn per year during the 1980s. The AFLEG conference, the second regional forest law enforcement and governance meeting after East Asia, resulted in endorsement of a ministerial declaration and action plan as well as a variety of informal implementation initiatives. Illegal logging is a global problem with significant negative economic, environmental and social impact. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, this forest cover was at around 70% 1. The meeting included detailed technical discussions of forest law enforcement in relation to governance, forest policy and forest management as well as ministerial engagement. This further augments scepticism in the Indonesian government's credibility in efficiently and responsibly managing their urban development projects and forestry conservation efforts. Illegal logging is a pervasive problem, causing enormous damage to forests, local communities, and the economies of producer countries. In the forestry sector, cheap imports of illegal timber and forest products, together with the non-compliance of some economic players with basic social and environmental standards, destabilise international markets. Climate change is one of the most devastating problems humanity has ever faced—and the clock is running out. Scientific methods to pinpoint the geographic origin of timber are currently under development. The East Asia Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (EA FLEG) Ministerial Conference took place in Bali in September 2001. This includes a wide range of illegal activities, such as: logging of protected species; logging in protected areas; logging with fake … Despite the economic importance of trade in timber and forest products, major international timber consumer countries, such as the EU, have no legal means to halt the import of illegally sourced forest products,[2] because the identification of illegally logged or traded timber is technically difficult. The US food system should be providing healthy, sustainable food for everyone. The election is over, but the crises are all still here. Msg & data rates may apply. In the social landscape, small-scale subsistence farmers in rural areas, who received minimal education, employ a basic method of slash-and-burn to support their agricultural activities. Available figures and estimates must be treated with caution. The energy choices we make today could make or break our ability to fight climate change. Help promote sustainable management of tropical forests.lo. Illegal logging has serious economic and social implications for the poor and disadvantaged with millions of dollars worth of timber revenue being lost each year.[17]. © Union of Concerned Scientists Illegal logging and the associated trade of illegally sourced wood products is a clandestine industry that threatens forests and economies alike. These laws derive from both federal and state sources. This marked the beginning of a long process by which the EU aims to develop and implement measures to address illegal logging and related trade. [11], It is estimated that illegal logging on public land alone causes losses in assets and revenue in excess of US$10 billion annually. Clean energy investments can help. Conservation efforts Government policies. Illegal logging is a pervasive problem, causing enormous damage to forests, local communities and to the economies of producer countries. It involves cutting trees without permits or removing trees from protected areas, and other activities such as avoiding taxes and laundering illegal logs. The corruption associated with illegal logging weakens the rule of law and fuels the cycle of transnational crime. Of the 13 companies that were investigated, 12 had broken the law. In May 2004, the Russian Federation announced its intention to host the ENA FLEG process, supported by the World Bank. The meeting drew together ministers and stakeholders from Africa, Europe and North America to consider how partnerships between producers, consumers, donors, civil society and the private sector could address illegal forest exploitation and associated trade in Africa. It will force businesses to check more carefully where their materials are coming from. It prohibits the placing on the EU market for the first time of illegally harvested timber and products derived from such timber; It requires EU traders who place timber products on the EU market for the first time to exercise 'due diligence'; Once on the market, the timber and timber products may be sold on and/or transformed before they reach the final consumer. In response to growing concerns over illegal logging and advice from TRAFFIC[10] and other organisations,[11] on May 22, 2008 the U.S. amended the Lacey Act, when the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 expanded its protection to a broader range of plants and plant products (Section 8204. [48], A Greenpeace investigation published in May 2014 demonstrates that EU Timber Regulation is ineffective if fraudulent paperwork is accepted at face value and there is not sufficient enforcement by EU authorities. Terms and conditions. Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws. [30] Given that a mature, 30 year-old Siamese rosewood tree can fetch 300,000 baht on the black market, illegal logging is unlikely to disappear.[31][32]. [56], The Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation applies to importers into Australia of "regulated timber products" such as sawn timber, wood panels, pulp, paper products, and wood furniture. Democracy and science can be powerful partners for the public good—and both are under attack. However, long-term trends in illegal logging and trade have shown that this was temporary, and illegal logging continues. The Act makes it a criminal offense to intentionally, knowingly or recklessly import wood, pulp and paper products into Australia or process Australian raw logs that have been illegally logged. The US continues to keep intercontinental ballistic missiles on high alert—creating the risk of a mistaken nuclear war in response to a false warning. An estimated 73 percent of all logging in Indonesia is believed to be illegal. Section 3. In 2014, the FAU-EU-FLEGT Programme[50] of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations published the study The Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) process in Central and West Africa: from theory to practice[51] to document and foster strategic reflection in partner countries already engaged in negotiating a VPA - or those who will be entering into such negotiations - by providing examples of good practices. In June 1977, President Ferdinand Marcos signed a law requiring the planting of one tree every month for five consecutive years by every citizen of the Philippines. This is evident in places such as large protected swathes of northern Nan Province that were formerly covered with virgin forest and that have been deforested even while having national park status. We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The Declaration includes an indicative list of actions, intended to serve as a general framework for possible actions to be undertaken by governments as well as civil society. Definition of Terms. 2 Brattle Square, Cambridge MA 02138, USA First, the Lacey Act now makes it illegal to import into the United States plants that have been harvested contrary to any applicable Federal Law, State Law, Indian Tribal Law, or Foreign Law. Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade - Ebook written by Luca Tacconi. These illegal activities undermine responsible forest management, encourage corruption and tax evasion and reduce the income of the producer countries, further limiting the resources producer countries can invest in sustainable development. The primary means of implementing the Plan is through Voluntary Partnership Agreements with timber producing countries. The Europe and North Asia Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (ENA FLEG) Ministerial Conference was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia on 22–25 November 2005. A major problem is that illegal logging is still classified in Myanmar as an environmental matter, and not as a criminal act, making it difficult for the Forest Department to bring a lawsuit against the offenders. It is a global problem with significant economic, social and environmental impact. A blog on science, politics, and activism. The law enforcement action led to BM Group’s removal from Russia’s federal list of priority investment projects, which allow a select group of firms to sidestep public auctions for logging rights. Illegality may also occur during transport, such as illegal processing and export (through fraudulent declaration to customs); the avoidance of taxes and other charges, and fraudulent certification. Tell President Biden: It is time for bold action on nuclear weapons. Logs are commonly cut on the Burmese side and then smuggled to processing facilities in China or Thailand. As Valery Roshchupkin, Head of the Federal Forestry Agency of the Russian Federation, confirmed, illegal logging would be of special importance for Russia as the G8 President and for the following G8 Summit, also held in Saint Petersburg. (617) 547-5552. Illegal logging can also include the cutting of species that protected under law or harvesting timber or lumber in quantities that exceed what is permissible by regulations and standards. Over 25% of the country is covered by forest, and over 90% of this forest is owned by the government. [5][6][7][8][9] Possible actions to restrict imports cannot meet with WTO regulations of non-discrimination. We're arming the new administration with facts, evidence, and science. [24], Due to the size and scope of Burma's forests, it is difficult for government organisations like Forest Department to regulate logging. Tell Uber & Lyft to be part of a clean transportation future. [54], This Plant and Plant Product Declaration must contain (besides other information) the Genus, Species, and Country of Harvest of every plant found in commercial shipments of certain products, a list of applicable products (along with other requirements and guidance) can be found on the USDA APHIS website. Illegal logging, the harvesting of timber in contravention of national laws, is a major problem in the management of the country's protected areas (Mallari et al. Sign up or text "SCIENCE" to 662266. A preparatory conference was held in Moscow in June 2005. What is illegal logging? Reduce illegal logging and its costly impacts. Our transportation system is outdated and broken—and it needs to change. In the US, the most important policy related to illegal logging is the Lacey Act, passed more than 100 years ago to limit illegal wildlife trade. Climate change is fueling wildfires. [22], The Indonesian government grapples with the management of deforestation with sustainable urban development as rural-urban migration necessitates the expansion of cities. In May 2004, the Russian Federation announced its intention to host the ENA FLEG process, supported by the World Bank. It can also happen when forests are cleared for plantations such as oil palm. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Illegal Logging: Law Enforcement, Livelihoods and the Timber Trade. About Illegal Logging Although the international community has yet to agree upon the definition of "illegal logging," it is commonly understood as the harvest, transport, purchase or sale of timber or wood products in violation of national laws. Protect the legal forestry industry in the United States. [1] These acts are often referred to as "wood laundering"[2]. Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws.The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission, or from a protected area; the cutting down of protected species; or the extraction of timber in excess of agreed limits. For companies in the forestry sector, publications making high estimates can be regarded as potentially threatening for their reputation and their market perspective, including the competitiveness of wood in comparison to other materials. The much heralded decline of illegal logging in the mid- 2000s in some tropical regions was widely attributed to a short-term law enforcement effort. Lexington Books (2007). Section 9-13-10.1: Assistance of State Forestry Commission in control and suppression of wildfires by other state agencies: Section 9-13-11 In 2016, the FAO-EU FLEGT Programme published an additional study, Traceability: a management tool for business and governments, providing examples of good practices in the region's traceability systems, which help prevent illegal logging by tracking timber from its forest of origin throughout its journey along the supply chain. PENALTIES FOR ILLEGAL LOGGING. The Regulation starts on 30 November 2014 and requires that before import of these products or processing of raw logs, due diligence is undertaken to minimise the risk that the timber products or raw logs were illegally logged or incorporate illegally logged timber. Major consumer-side laws related to illegal logging and associated trade include the plant provisions of the U.S. Lacey Act, the EU Timber Regulation, and the Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act. Tanjung Puting National Park is a 4,000 square kilometre conservation area of global importance. Thereafter, these farmers will move on to occupy another plot of land and continually practice their slash-and-burn technique. The Conference's primary aims were to share analysis on forest law enforcement; explore priority issues of forest law enforcement, including illegal logging in the East Asia region, among senior officials from forest and related ministries, NGOs and industry representatives; and commit to action at the national and regional level. In 2008, WWF worked with a coalition of businesses and organizations to pass groundbreaking amendments to the Lacey Act that prohibit illegal timber and timber products from entering the US market. Chatham House is monitoring forest governance and legality in 19 countries to assess the effectiveness of government and private sector efforts to tackle illegal logging and trade. [15] In Latvia, the situation is comparable; anecdotal evidence points towards 25%[16] of logging being illegal. Other aspects in illegal logging that are not necessarily involved with the logging itself, but rather in the aspect of transactions in buying or selling illegally acquired lumber can also be considered to be illegal … Royal Institute of International Affairs; Duncan Brack, Gavin Hayman and Kevin Gray (2002), Tony Waters, The Persistence of Subsistence Agriculture, p. 3. Illegal logging could be defined as breaking of laws on cutting, processing and transporting timber or wood products. It also outlines that businesses must undertake ‘due diligence’ on certain regulated processes. Over the last few years, guitars and a sort of obscure law against illegal logging have come into conflict. TRAFFIC,[10] the wildlife trade monitoring network, strives to monitor the illegal trade of timber and provide expertise in policy and legal reviews. Korindo is known to be using illegal timber from the last rainforests of Indonesia. William D. Sunderlin and Ida Aju Pradnja Resosudarmo: Stokke, Kristian; Vakulchuk, Roman and Indra Overland (2018), Annual report 2003 from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the EC Development Policy and the implementation of External Assistance in 2002, Indonesia-UK Tropical Forestry Management Programme (1999) Illegal Logging in Indonesia. While illegal logging occurs in many parts of the world, much of it is concentrated in the tropics, where prized hardwoods are taken to make items like furniture, cabinets, and other architectural woodwork. Learn more. Between 50% and 90% of logging from the key countries in these regions is being carried out by organised criminal entities. The European Union Timber Regulation was adopted in 2010 and went into effect 3 March 2013. 2 Brattle Square, Cambridge MA 02138, USA, Infographic: Wildfires and Climate Change, Building Equitable, Clean, and Climate-Safe Infrastructure, How Soil Erosion Threatens Food and Farms. Text STOP to opt out. [13], In 2020, the United Kingdom announced it will ban companies from selling items that use raw materials sourced in a way which breaches local laws to protect forests and other natural environments in the country where they are produced. Private corporations, motivated by economic profits from local and regional market demands for timber, are culpable for deforestation. In 2008 Congress passed amendments to the Lacey Act, a century-old law that combats trafficking in illegal plants and wildlife, and thus closed the entire U.S. market to illegally sourced wood. Usd 157 billion each year, it attracts organised criminal entities and social.... Increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products, including packaging certain processes. Being illegal % [ 16 ] of logging from the last few years, guitars and a of... Over the last few years, guitars and a sort of obscure law against illegal is! 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